Nettle- Urtica dioica

*Picture to come*


Latin Name: Urtica dioica L. SSP dioica

Common names: Nettle, Stinging Nettle, Common Nettle, Devils leaf, Burn Nettle, Burn Weed, Burn Hazel

Family: Urticaceae

Ayurvedic Name: Vrishchikali

TCM name: Hsieh-tzu-ts’ao

Native Region: Europe and Asia

Geographic Distribution: Temperature regions throughout the world.

Botanical Description: Grows from 2-6 feet tall, on a square fibrous stem with deep grooves running along it’s length. Ovate sharply tooled leaves, with a heart shaped base and pointy tip, that grow in opposite pairs and become smaller as they get to the top of the stem. Nettle is covered in tiny hollow hairs tipped with silica. It spreads by rhizomes so each plant has many stems which grows in dense colonies. Tiny inconspicuous green flowers droop in bunches from the leaf axils.

Parts used: Stalk, leaves, rhizomes(roots) and seeds

Harvesting Guidelines: Top six inches of the plant can be used in the spring and early summer. Once flowers look fluffy and droop towards the stem. You can collect seeds in fall. Rhizomes when ground is ready in spring or after the first frost in autumn.

Constituents: Vitamins (A, C, E and K), Minerals (calcium, Magnesium, Silica, iron), Amino Acids, Chlorophyll, formic acid, histamine

Uses: Nettle is nourishing. Detoxifies the body by neutralization of acid and elimination of waste. It supports and energizes the whole body. Helps relieves fatigue for a great afternoon pick me up. It supports Anemia, purifies blood, assists the body in nutrients and protein.

Nettle supports arthritis, gout, rheumatism, eczema and other skin problems.

Helps Stimulate Kidneys to increase excretion of uric acid, softens kidney stones, helps expels gravel from the urinary tract. It is great support for urinary tract, prostate, adrenals and kidneys.

Cream can help pain too.

Supports Allergies and hay fever.

It is recommended for women who are pregnant, postpartum and nursing, because it reduces uterine bleeding, prevents hemorrhage and increases quality of milk.

It prevents excessive bleeding anywhere in the body.

Use fresh leaves for nerve and joint pain by stinging ones self with the leaves.

Studies have shown nettle extract to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes who require insulin therapy.

Tea can be used for a rinse or drink to improve hair, nails and skin. Uses as a hair rinse after shampooing for itchy dry scalp issues. Nettle root acts as a restorative tonic for weak or loss of hair. Applied topically nettle acts as a rubefacient to stimulate circulation of blood to the area.

Magical uses: Helps remove blocks of fear and bad habits, encourages leadership, commitment, and strength of purpose. Allows growth and change. Nettle Drives away negativity or unwanted spirits and offers protection. (Masculine, Fire, Scorpio, some say Aries and Mars)


  • Astringent
  • Alternative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Galactogue
  • Hemostatic
  • Anti-asthmatic
  • Rubefacient
  • Diuretic
  • Tannin
  • Hypoglycemic and Hyperglycemia

Taste: Astringent and salty

Energy: Cooling and drying

Preparations: You can use nettle in food, vinegar’s, tea, juiced, tincture, seeds and topically.


  • Tincture: 2-5 ml; 3 times a day (1:5 in 40%)
  • Tea: 1-3 tsp to 8oz water; steep 10-15 minutes; 3 times a daily
  • Juice: 5-10 ml; 3 times a day
  • Seeds: 1 tsp- 1 tbs per day
  • External: self flagellation with fresh plant as needed.

Safety: Safe, stings hurt, some people may experience allergic reactions. May decrease the efficacy of anticoagulant drugs.

What helps the sting:

  • Time
  • Yellow dock
  • Plantain
  • Jewel weed
  • Rosemary
  • Sage



Making Plant Medicine. Richo Cech. 2016

The Herbal Handbook, A User’s Guide to Medical Herbalism. David Hoffmann. 1998

The Secret Craft of the Wise, Magical Herbalism. Scott Cunningham.2002

Nettle. Herbarium. The Herbal Academy. 2017

Stinging Nettle. Annie’s Remedy. 2005-2016


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